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Cold welding is a solid-state process in which the joining of parts takes place in the absence of fusion or heating. To clarify, cold welding takes place quickly without any external heating environment. However, unlike in fusion welding, cold welding in space is performed without the use of liquid or any other molten state. For instance, many of the metals easily react to fusion welding performed on earth like carbon, silicon, and others. Aluminum is perfect for carrying out the welding process in space due to its great properties.
Cold welding has come into recognition in the early 1940s. Moreover, when the two similar metals are bought in contact, the metals firmly
It is tough to perform the fusion welding on aluminum alloy. Therefore, you can use cold welding for this process.
Cold Welding In Space
Well, it is possible to perform welding activities in space. These welding activities must be cold welding. The fusion welding is difficult to achieve on space due to the lack of heat environment. But it is possible to perform the cold welding easily individually with aluminum alloys.
Cold welding generally happens at low temperatures. The reason behind is it takes very less energy to move the atoms. However, the thin oxide layer present on the surface of each metal makes it difficult to perform the cold welding. And so, the anodizing alloys cannot be cold-welded easily. But, when performing the cold welding in space, these natural surfaces can be easily exposed because they replenish very efficiently.
The main attribute which defends performing cold welding is the mechanical properties of the elements. Usually, all of those metals which travel into space are first exposed to the earth’s environment. And so, these metals retain oxidation layer on their surfaces, which makes it difficult to weld in space. Moreover, these problems can be sorted by using different chemicals. And so, we can say that it is possible to perform the cold welding in space efficiently.