The welding process joins materials like thermoplastics or metals by applying pressure and softening with heat.
Arc welding MIG welding, MIG welding, and gas welding are other major categories. Stick welding is a common and popular kind of Arc welding.
Stick welding or shielded metal arc welding uses electric current and an electrode for joining numerous types of metals. The wire consists of a solid metal stick or rod wrapped in a coating of metal powders and compounds the binding agent to bind them properly to its surface. A stick welder has proper knowledge about this kind of welding. Professional experience is necessary to conduct this process smoothly.
Direct current or alternating current helps to form an electric arc in between the metals as well as the electrode that needs to be joined.
The electrode conducts electric current to the arc. It works as a pillar metal to join — shielded metal, famous for as the oldest and most popular form of welding. Its versatility and simplicity contribute towards its gaining popularity.
This process is used primarily for welding steel and iron and extensively used for the purpose of repair and maintenance of construction and industries of heaviest bodies.
How Does The Stick Welding Process Work?
A flux coated electrode is necessary in the process of stick welding in order to create the weld. Electric current passes via welding arcs or rod and coated electrode contacts with the base area at the contact zone.
No sooner the electrode starts melting, the surrounding coating of flux develops a cloud of gases that shields the metal in its molten state, therefore, preventing from oxidizing. For this reason, this process is also termed as shielded metal arc welding. The cloud of gases settles down on the molten metal pool as it starts cooling down. It turns into slag, simply chipped off after the entire building process is over.
The stick welding procedure is quite simple and does not even demand any kind of specialized instrument or equipment.
What Are The Advantages Of Stick Welding By A Professional Stick Welder?
Like any other process of welding, there are several advantages of using stick welding. Check below for your convenience:
Works well on rusted and painted surfaces
Does not demand external shielding gas
It is a perfect welding process even on windy days or rainy days
Stick welding equipment is inexpensive and easy to access
The electrodes change easily according to the types of metals.
Moreover, alloys and metals of varied types welded easily
Stick welding is one of the oldest forms of welding and is still quite popular as the best arc welding process.
This is a simple process that ensures portability and avoids the need for sophisticated equipment. In addition, this process is not much sensitive to drafts and wind, gives the best possible results in almost every environment.
When you are working in a zone that has limited accessibility, the stick welding process is the best option as it fits well for most of the available alloys and metals.